King Märayu and Establishment of the First Dhaññavati City (60-62) by Dr. Saw Mra Aung - Thar Le Zwa သာလီစြ - Arakan Monitor

Thar Le Zwa သာလီစြ - Arakan Monitor

Thar Le Zwa: Arakan Monitor


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Monday, January 27, 2020

King Märayu and Establishment of the First Dhaññavati City (60-62) by Dr. Saw Mra Aung

2.1. King Märayu and Establishment of the First Dhaññavati City (60-62) by Dr. Saw Mra Aung
One day, the forest was struck by a severe storm.(1)   The banyan tree where they were living was uprooted and floated down the Kacchapanadi river. The female sambur came along with the floating tree. After floating along the river for many days, it went ashore, when it arrived at the place called "Nga-se-twan".(2)  There, the female sambur gave birth to a son in a thick bush. Due to the consequence of the past wholesome kamma of the baby, its body issued bright rays seven cubits upwards.(3)  Coincidently, Mro Chief Nga Aung Lar, on his hunt with some hounds, happened to approach the bush where the baby was lying, at that time. When the female sambur heard the baby cry, she, out of fear, fled away.(4)  When the Mro Chief saw the bright rays shooting upwards phenomenally, he entered the bush and discovered a newly-born baby endowed with the characteristics of a powerful one.

Therefore, he carried it away home happily and adopted it as his son and named him "Mārayu" after his mother "Indāmāru". He grew up into strong, handsome lad. He had an exceptional talent for archery. Therefore, the Mros gave him the hand of Mi Pinyar (5)   daughter of Nga Aung Lar, marriage and made him their king. And they had him live at the seven grand houses (6)  built at the top of a pleasant, high mountain. On that very day, Sakka, king of the celestial abode, went down from Tävatimsa to the Human Abode and gave Mārayu the Arindamāna spear, a celestial bow, arrows, a scepter, etc.(7)  As soon as he got those celestial weapons from Sakka, he went southwards and killed the ogres who harassed the kingdom. Since it was the kingdom where he killed the ogres (Yakkha), it still known as Yakkhapura. Soon after subduing the ogres, he again married Princess Rucitamālā, the daughter King Brahmasiddhi, who was eaten by the ogres.

Then he was made king of Vesāli city. However, he thought that as it had been infested with the ogres, it should be deserted by him. Thinking so, he, in company with his queens, ministers, soldiers and the people, went due north. On the way, he came across the Hermit Nāginda, who was returning from the Himalayan mountain through the sky, near the upper reach of the Sare creek. When he asked the hermit where he should establish his new city, the latter recited the Bhumipāla Sutta. At that instant, cloud of mist like white conch-shell, yelling the sound of an elephant, eddied clockwise up into the sky. So the hermit told him that it was the right place where the new city should be built.

Again, when he asked the hermit which name he should give the city, the latter answered that it had been named "Dhaññavati" since the times of the Kakusandha Buddha, the Konagamana Buddha and the Kassapa Buddha, that it would also bear the same name during the times of the Gotama Buddha and the Arimettiya Buddha and that as a shower of paddy (Dhañña) had now fallen, it should be named "Dhaññavati" meaning "Kingdom with an Abundant Supply of Paddy". So saying, he journeyed to the Himalayan Mountain through the sky. Thus King Mario ruled over the Dhanñavati City with Mi Pinyar and Rucitamälä as Chief Consorts. He, as king, brought benefits to the people during his reign. He enjoyed the ease of the Inferior House for 18 years and the royal ease for 62 years and passed away at the age of 80 years. (8)
(1). It is said that the storm was created by Devas so that the Ajjuna Hermit and the female sambur would be separated from each other, when the baby was born.
(2). It is said that the Four Catumahārājika Devas deliberately made the floating tree go ashore at that place because the female sambur was due to give birth to the baby.
(3). In fact, the baby was conceived in the womb of the Female Sambur Indamāru from the life of the Deva Sonakhattiya at the plea of Sakka to defeat the ogres who disturbed Vesali City, for Sakka knew that the Sasana of the Buddha was to be established in that region when the Buddha appeared.
(4). But U Pandi in his book titled “The New Dhaniñavati Chronicle” says that the female sambur fled, when she heard humans and hounds drawing near the bush.
(5). She is also mentioned as Pi or Bhi.
(6). U Pandi in his book titled "The New Dhaññavati Chronicle" describes that he had to live in seven large huts.
(7). U Pandi mentions that Sakka gave him five celestial weapons and he shot man-eating ogres with the bow and arrows given by Sakka and slew them with the scepter.
(8). U Pandi, The New Dhaññavati Chronicle, pp. 51-52

Note: This article was from the book, "A Rakhine Chronicle" (page 60-62) by Dr. Saw Mra Aung.

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